The infant mortality rate in South Sudan is one of the highest in the world. It is estimated that 1 in 10 children will not reach the age of five. 4.5 million children (two-thirds of children) in South Sudan need urgent humanitarian assistance.
The high maternal mortality rate (890 per 100,000), the highest in the world, and the mortality rate of children under five years of age is also one of the highest in the world, with 90.7 infant deaths per 1,000 live births. .
The malnutrition indicator is also high, since it is estimated that 1.3 million boys and girls between 6 and 59 months of age suffer from acute malnutrition and require treatment for complications. Malaria, diarrhea and respiratory tract infections are the three leading causes of child morbidity and mortality in South Sudan.